Love of the Land

For the week ending 31 December 2005 / 30 Kislev 5766

Barley - The Secondary Grain

by Rabbi Mendel Weinbach zt'l
The Color of HeavenArtscroll

Although barley plays a secondary role to wheat and was traditionally used more for sustaining animals rather than humans, there were special functions in religious life in which it featured.

Along with its subspecies, rye and oats, barley qualified for use in baking the matzos for Pesach as did wheat. There were two flour offerings in the Beit Hamikdash for which only barley could be used.

One of these was the Omer flour offering which was brought to the altar along with an animal sacrifice on the second day of Pesach (16th of Nissan). Once this offering was made it was permitted to enjoy the new grain.

The second use of barley was in the flour offering brought to the Beit Hamikdash by a sotah, a married woman suspected of adultery. The reason why barley, usually animal food, was designated for this offering is given by Rabbi Gamliel (Sotah 14a):

“Her behavior (becoming involved with another man) was like that of an animal, so must her sacrifice be one of animal food.”

© 1995-2014 Ohr Somayach International - All rights reserved.

Articles may be distributed to another person intact without prior permission. We also encourage you to include this material in other publications, such as synagogue or school newsletters. Hardcopy or electronic. However, we ask that you contact us beforehand for permission in advance at ohr@ohr.edu and credit for the source as Ohr Somayach Institutions www.ohr.edu

« Back to Love of the Land

Ohr Somayach International is a 501c3 not-for-profit corporation (letter on file) and your donation is tax deductable.